The bast fibers are procured by a method that is called retting. This process is done by microbial (or water), steam, and mechanical process. For jute, the century old and most popular retting process is the microbial or water retting. The water retting process releases the lignin bond between the parenchyma and the sclerenchyma, which makes it easy to procure the skin from the core. However, the retting process is further continued with washing and drying to release the pectin bond that makes the hard skin into fine thread-like fibers.

After the procurement of jute fiber, jute is graded (rated) according to its colour, strength, and fibre length. The fibres are off-white to brown, and 1-4 m long. Jute is pressed into bales for shipment to manufacturers.

  • Strength of the Jute fiber
    • Jute is bio-degradable and replenishes earth nutrients
    • Jute posses no threat to the environment because it neither emits toxic gases nor harmful chemicals
    • Jute will not cause the problems like the synthetic material in waste management cycles through emitting hazardous gases during incineration of landfill sites
    • Jute makes durable and strong packing, handling of which is easier
    • Jute packing does not break and hooks can be used without any damage
    • A new Jute bag can be used several times before it is torn out. Again there is also option for recycling
    • Jute bags can hold well when stacked for storage and aeration for long term storage
    • Recent scientific tests revealed that Jute Carpet Backing Cloth (J-CBC) is less flammable, produce less smoke, generates fewer toxic gases than backings made from synthetic polymers
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